Learning and Development
Currently, the Manpower Department of the Ministry of Human Resources runs 32 Skills Training Institutes i.e. 23 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), eight (8) Advanced Technology and Training Centre (ADTEC) and the Japan Malaysia Technical Institute (JMTI). The ITIs offer industrial skills training programmes at basic, intermediate and advanced levels for pre-employment or job entry. The programmes are in 5 fields namely Mechanical, Electrical & Electronic, Printing, Building Technology, ICT and Non Metal Technology. In addition, the Ministry also conducts programs to upgrade skills of the existing workforce as well as training for the instructors under the Centre for Instructors and Advanced Skills Training (CIAST).
Facilities for Training in Industrial Skill
In Malaysia, vocational and technical schools, polytechnics and industrial training institutions prepare youths for employment in various industrial trades. While they are mostly run by government agencies, several private initiatives complement the government’s efforts in producing the skilled workers needed by industry.
The main government agencies involved in training are:
- The Manpower Department Ministry of Human Resources runs 23 industrial training institutes (ITIs). The ITIs offer industrial skills training programmes at basic, intermediate and advanced levels for pre-employment or job entry level. These include apprenticeship programmes in the mechanical, electrical, building and printing trades as well as programmes to upgrade skills and train instructors. The Ministry also operates the Centre for Instructors and Advanced Skills Training (CIAST), the Japan-Malaysia Technical Institute (JMTI) and eight advanced technology training centres (ADTECs).
- Ministry of Education runs more than 90 technical schools offering technical and vocational courses. School leavers from the technical schools can either seek employment at entry level or pursue their post-secondary education at diploma level in Polytechnics or certificate level in Community Colleges or other training institutions under the supervision of other ministries.
- Ministry of Youth and Sports, which provides basic, intermediate and advanced levels of industrial skills training through its 16 National Youth Skills Training Centres and Higher National Youth Skills Training Centre. Short-term courses and skills upgrading programmes are also being conducted.
- Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), or the Council of Trust for the Indigenous People under the purview of the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development. MARA operates more than 20 skills training institutes in different parts of the country which offer programmes at basic, intermediate, advanced and professional levels.