Malaysia’s steel price to ride global wave in 2021
03 May 2021
Malaysia’s steel industry is expected to pick up again in 2021 after a slowdown in 2020, in line with rising global steel prices and the rollout of mega projects by the government.
Industry players said this would be boosted by the New Industrial Master Plan (NIMP) 2021-2030, which will chart the future direction of industrial development in the country.
The Lion Group said with strong demand for steel products coupled with raw materials shortages such as iron ore and metal scrap, steel prices would tend to improve.
“In addition, the new themes in electric vehicles (EV), solar and green energy, 5G, big data and IoT (Internet of Things) will boost the steel industry as it moves up the value chain.
“The steel industry will continue to play its crucial role in ensuring continuous development to cater for the future,” the company spokesperson told the New Straits Times (NST).
The spokesperson said domestic steel production growth had been on the uptrend since 2017 with exception in 2020 due to the outbreak of Covid-19.
“As Malaysia’s economic recovery trails others in Asia, her trajectory is shaped by the extent of domestic outbreaks of the pandemic, the pace of vaccines rollout and how much Malaysia is able to benefit from the global economic recovery.
“Considering a modest domestic steel demand growth amid expectations of an improved economic outlook with firmer crude palm oil and oil prices, current global steel supply shortages and favourable pricing will further boost domestic steel production growth to exceed pre-pandemic levels,” the spokesperson said.
Steel prices reportedly are spiking from Asia to North America, with iron ore marching higher, as bets on a global economic recovery fuel frenzied demand.
According to a recent Bloomberg report, prices for hot-rolled coils (HRC), a benchmark steel product, had edged up threefold in North America from pandemic lows and they were also soaring in Europe.
The Lion Group spokesperson said all the HRC in Malaysia were currently imported since there was no local production.
HRC are imported mostly from Asian countries since the closure of Megasteel Sdn Bhd in 2016.
“Hence we plan to restart our HRC plant to replace imports, with any surplus for export.
“With the government’s support and policy of nurturing the local industry and value chain covering both the upstream and downstream, it augurs well for our HRC production,” the spokesperson said.
Sarawak-based Asteel Group commercial director Fong Fui Yee said domestic steel manufacturers were experiencing an overload of inquiries, but noted that steel allocation in Malaysia was limited.
“We find that the demand in Malaysia is merely spurred by earlier purchases made by industry players such as construction and automotive industry, so it does not impact their budgeted costs. By doing so, they will not be impacted by the global price hike.
“At the end of the life cycle, when the demand diminishes, the prices will fall,” he told the NST.
Chiu said many steel producers around the world had reduced their export volume due to high steel demand in their own countries.
He said for instance, the steel production in the US and EU continued to climb mainly attributed by the strong steel demand that had driven the price to a record high.
“On the other hand, several measures implemented by China’s government such as decarbonisation and cancellation of export tax rebates might affect steel production and prices further.
“Moreover, major economic activities in Malaysia is expected to continue picking up its momentum with the roll-out of Covid-19 vaccines, the steel production is expected to continue growing in order to meet the rising steel demand providing that there is enough of raw material supply,” he said.
Asked if Malaysian steel players can ride along big steel players from Korea and China to meet this global surge in demand in the coming months, Fong said some Malaysian steel industry players were only passing the costs to the next supply chain.
“Instead of enjoying the bullish price, players take a more cautious approach to the potential price avalanche to better manage safety stock inventory levels.
“We undertake precautionary measures due to a lesson learned from the steel price crash in the year 2008,” he said.
Asteel Group managing director Datuk Seri Victor Hii Lu Thian pointed out that the Malaysian Iron and Steel Industry Federation had projected domestic steel production to grow to 12.4 million tonnes in 2025 at a compound annual growth rate of 3.5 per cent.
“We are hopeful that this is still achievable, and we believe that if we start our post-pandemic recovery efforts from now coupled with the help from our government, we may have the opportunity to reach greater heights,” he said.
Asteel Group, a subsidiary company under YKGI Holdings Bhd, expects higher steel consumption in 2021 due to efforts made by governments around the world in rolling out recovery packages to stimulate the economy.
“On the local front, we forecast a double-digit growth this year on domestic steel consumption,” Fong said.
Meanwhile, CSC Steel Sdn Bhd feels demand for the domestic market will not significantly change in the coming months although there are shortage of steel supply globally.
CSC Steel special assistant to managing director Chiu Ping-Tung said this was mainly due to the domestic downstream industries having switched to buy from local producers since the fourth quarter of 2020.
This had given an impression that the local steel demand was increasing, but in fact, there was no significant changes on the steel demand locally, Chiu added.
“Therefore, the sharp increases of steel prices for the domestic steel market is driven by the shortages of steel supply globally rather than the surge of steel demand,” he said.
Chiu said the company was focusing on the domestic steel market to support local steel related industries.
“We have optimised our production capacity in order to fill up the gap of supply and demand for domestic markets,” he added.