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الموارد البشرية

 

1 Conditions of Employment
Minimum Conditions of Employment

The Employment Act, 1955 is the main legislation on labour matters in Malaysia.

Paid maternity leave : 60 days
Normal work hours : Not exceeding eight hours in one day or 48 hours in one week
Paid holiday :

At least 11 gazetted public holidays ( inclusive of five compulsory public holidays; National Day, Birthday of the Yang Dipertuan Agong, Birthday of Ruler/Federal Territory Day, Labour Day and Malaysia day) in one calendar year and on any day declared as a public holiday under section 8 of the Holiday Act 1951

Paid annual leave for employees:
Less than two years of service : 8 days
Two or more but less than five years of service : 12 days
Over five years of service : 16 days

*Minimum paid annual leave to be provided for employees

Paid sick leave per calendar year:
Less than two years of service : 14 days
Two or more but less than five years of service : 18 days
Over five years of service : 22 days
Where hospitalisation is necessary : Up to 60 days (inclusive of the paid sick leave entitlement stated above)

*Minimum paid sick leave to be provided for employees


Payment for overtime work:
Normal working days : One-and-a-half times the hourly rate of pay
Rest days : Two times the hourly rate of pay
Public holidays : Three times the hourly rate of pay

Source: Ministry of Human Resources - www.mohr.gov.my

2 Statutory Contributions
Employees Provident Fund

The compulsory contributions under the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) Act 1991:

Age Group 60 years and below
Employers a)  Monthly wages RM5,000 (US$1,563) and below Minimum of 13% of the employees’ monthly wages
b) Monthly wages exceed RM 5,000 (US$1,563) - Minimum 12% of the employees' monthly wages
Employees Minimum of 11% of the employees' monthly wages
[Third Schedule (Part A) of the EPF Act 1991]

Age Group 60 - 75 years and below
Employers a) Monthly wages RM 5,000 (US$1,563) and below - Minimum of 6.5% of the employees' monthly wages
b) Monthly wages exceed RM 5,000 (US$1,563) - Minimum of 6% of the employees' monthly wages
Employees Minimum of 5.5% of the employees' monthly wages
[Third Schedule (Part C) of the EPF Act 1991]

All foreign workers and expatriates and their employers are exempted from compulsory contributions. They can, however, choose to contribute and the applicable rates are as follows:

Age Group 60 years and below
Employers RM5.00 (US$1.56) per employee per month
Employees 11% of the employees' monthly wages
[Third Schedule (Part B) of the EPF Act 1991]

Age Group 60-75 years and below
Employers RM5.00 (US$1.56) per employee per month
Employees 5.5% of the employees' monthly wages
[Third Schedule (Part D) of the EPF Act 1991]

Source: Employees Provident Fund - www.kwsp.gov.my

Social Security Organisation (SOCSO)

The Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) administers two social security schemes for workers earning wages not exceeding RM3,000 (US$938)per month. Once covered, employees remain covered irrespective of their wages. However, the maximum contribution is based on wages of RM3,000 (US$938)per month.

There are two schemes administered by SOCSO Act, namely:

i. Employment Injury Scheme which provides social insurance coverage against workplace accidents, occupational diseases and commuting accidents to and from place of work.

ii. Invalidity Pension Scheme provides 24 hours coverage against invalidity arising from any cause and not necessarily relating to work environment.

Under these schemes workers are entitled to medical benefits; temporary and permanent disablement benefits; constant attendance allowance; dependent's benefit or survivors pension; funeral, rehabilitation, education benefits; and invalidity pension.

The Employment Injury Scheme is funded solely by the employer with the contribution of 1.25% and the Invalidity Scheme is funded with the contribution of 1% which is shared equally by employers and employees. This rate of contribution is capped at the invaluable wage of RM3,000 (US$938).This contribution is mandatory by law. All Malaysian employees including permanent residence whom have been employed by an employer under a contract of service or apprenticeship are liable under SOCSO's act.

Categories of employees exempted from SOCSO's coverage are:

Employees of Federal and State Government (except employees who are employed as temporary or contract employees are liable under the Act effective from 1 June 2013)
Domestic servants
Self-employed
Spouse of a sole proprietor or partners
Foreign workers

Source: Social security Organisation (SOCSO) - www.perkeso.gov.my

Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF)

The Human Resource Development Fund (HRDF) operates on the basis of a levy/grant system. Employers who have paid the Human Resources Development levy will qualify for training grants from the HRDF to defray or subsidise training costs for their Malaysian employees.

Companies from Manufacturing and Mining and Quarrying* sectors covered under the Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad Act, 2001 are as follows:

Categories of Employers Rate of Levy Contributions
Employers with 50 Malaysian employees and above 1% of employees' monthly wages
Employers with 10 to 49 Malaysian employees with a paid up capital of RM2.5 million (US$781,250) and above 1% of employees' monthly wages
Employers with 10 to 49 Malaysian employees with a paid up capital of less than RM2.5 million (US$781,250) are given the option to register with HRDF 0.5% of employees' monthly wages

*Effective from 1 June 2014, the coverage under the Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad Act, 2001 has been extended to cover sub-sectors under the Mining and Quarrying Sector that comprises companies with the business activities of petroleum and gas extraction and mineral and stone quarrying.

Source: Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad (PSMB) - www.hrdf.com.my

3 Employment of Expatriate

An employment pass is issued to expatriate to enable him to stay and work legally in the country. There are two types of passes issued by the Immigration Department subject to the period of employment’s contract and the monthly salary received by the expatriates.

Employment Pass

This pass is issued for key-post and term-post position subject to the following conditions:

Type of Passes Payments of Fees
A. Employment Pass (PG)
This pass is issued for key-post and term-post position subject to the following conditions:
* minimum period of employment’s contract is (2) years and stamping; and
* salary not less than RM3,000 (US$938)
i. Employment Pass:
* Key Post: RM300 (USD94)
* Term Post: RM200 (USD63)
ii. Processing fees – RM125.00 (US$39).
iii. Journey Perform Visa: RM500 (USD156)
per post/application (subject to visa entry requirement according to each country of origin)
iv. No levy
B. Visit Pass [VP(TE)] - PLKS
Visit Pass (Temporary Employment) is issued only for temporary domestic helper (maid)
i. Levy: RM410 (US$128).
ii. Processing Fees : RM125.00 (US$39).
iii. Journey perform visa (if applicable): RM500 (US$156). (include Visa based on the country of origin) - (if applicable)


Source: Immigration Department - www.imi.gov.my

4 Wage Rates
Salaries of Executives in the Manufacturing Sector

In manufacturing sector, the average basic monthly salary of the executives ranges from RM3,516 (US$1,099) (Executives) to RM12,750 (US$3,984) (Senior Managers) to RM24,698 (US$7,718) (Top Executives). The following table shows the average minimum and maximum monthly salaries of selected executive position

Executive Position RM USD
Min Max Min Max
General Manager 14,616 24,424 4,568 7,633
General Manager – Sales & Marketing/ Business Development 12,290 21,313 3,841 6,660
SeniorProduction/Manufacturing/Technical Manager 9,277 16,558 2,899 5,174
Company Secretary 5,158 9,625 1,612 3,008
Financial Controller / Director 13,396 23,591 4,186 7,372
Operations Manager 6,443 11,744 2,013 3,670
Human Resource Manager 6,308 11,100 1,971 3,469
Quality Assurance/Control Manager 6,212 11,027 1,941 3,446
Business Development Manager 6,610 11,484 2,066 3,589
Logistics Manager 6,074 10,839 1,898 3,387
Production/Manufacturing/Technical Manager 5,935 10,914 1,855 3,411
Admin/HR/Finance Manager 6,534 11,428 2,042 3,571
Training Manager 6,012 10,288 1,879 3,215
Marketing Manager 5,766 10,200 1,802 3,188
IT/System Support Executive 2,769 4,663 865 1,457
Finance/Accounts Manager 6,254 10,782 1,954 3,369
Mechanical Engineer 2,921 6,490 913 2,028
Executive Secretary/Personal Assistant 3,153 5,938 985 1,856
Electrical/Electronics Engineer 3,079 6,493 962 2,029
Marketing Executive 2,527 4,653 790 1,454
Quality Assurance Executive 2,379 4,512 743 1,410
IT Executive 2,619 4,827 818 1,508

Source: MEF Salary Survey for Executives 2013 - www.mef.org.my

Salaries of Non-Executives in the Manufacturing Sector

An analysis of the salaries of Non Executives in the manufacturing sector shows at the average monthly basic monthly salary ranged from RM1,125 (US$352) (unskilled employees) to RM1,480 (US$463) (semi-skilled employees) to RM2,236 (US$699) (skilled employees/craftsmen). The following table shows the average minimum and maximum monthly salaries of selected Non Executive position.


Non-Executive Position RM USD
Min Max Min Max
Secretary 2,216 3,889 693 1,215
IT Supervisor 2,306 4,111 721 1,285
Chargeman (Medium Pressure) 1,969 3,698 615 1,156
Production Supervisor 2,041 3,516 638 1,099
Foreman 1,739 3,619 543 1,131
Boilerman 1,368 2,797 428 874
Service Technician 1,399 3,124 437 976
Quality Control/Assurance Supervisor 2,118 3,675 662 1,148
Storekeeper/Warehousemen 1,386 2,778 433 868
Electrician 1,254 2,584 392 808
Operator (Semi-Skilled) 954 2,034 298 636
Wireman/Welder 1,386 2,610 433 816
Accounts Clerk 1,237 2,308 387 721
General Clerk 1,150 2,384 359 745
Receptionist/Telephone Operator 1,223 2,195 382 686
Technician (General) 1,252 2,824 391 883
IT Clerk 1,260 2,841 394 888
Lorry/Truck/Van Driver 1,115 2,384 348 745
Security Guard 933 1,827 292 571
Operator (Unskilled) 906 1,639 283 512

Source : MEF Salary Survey for Non Executives 2013 - www.mef.org.my

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آخر تحديث لل : Wednesday 12th August 2020