Globally, sports tourism is
Sports tourism can be categorised into ‘hard’ sports and ‘soft’ sports. Hard sports tourism attracts huge global participants, and people tend to travel together to a host country to attend these events. These are usually competitive international sports events such as Formula 1 Grand Prix and SEA Games. Meanwhile, soft sports tourism refers to recreational sports activities or getaways such as golfing, water-rafting and scuba-diving.
This type of sports tourism combines both sports activities and leisure, which typically lures tourists to exciting destinations known for its physical or natural attractions.
In 1998, the Commonwealth Games, known as the second largest sports event in the world after the Olympic Games, was held in Kuala Lumpur. This international sports event was an excellent example of hard sports tourism in Malaysia that created multifold values to the economy. The event attracted 6,670 athletes and officials, along with a substantial number of media and visitors locally and abroad. It was reported that a single international tourist who came for the Commonwealth Games spent an average of RM3,800 for the duration of 12.5 nights stay.
Following the successful international event, Malaysia kept up the momentum in 1999 by hosting the Formula One Championship Car
and recognition of the nation’s sports management capabilities. The premier event contributed more than RM500 million to the national economy, and the spill-overs continued to soar in years after. The F1 Grand Prix went on for another great 19 years. It attracted global die-hard fans who were fascinated with Malaysia, and many kept returning for their fun-filled vacations.
In 2000, the Langkawi Ironman Triathlon pulled
in sports enthusiasts to test their fitness level in physical and mental strength. The long-distance triathlon race involved sports activities
such as swimming, cycling and marathon. About 300 athletes from around the world took part in this triathlon.
Malaysia continued to host other international events including the Motor GP Racing Series (since 1991),
(since 1992), Le Tour De Langkawi (since 1996), Royal Langkawi International Regatta (since 2003) and South East Asia-SEA Games. These prestigious events catalysed and created economic opportunities for various businesses including hoteliers, restaurateurs, boat makers, maintenance facilities, food supplies, crafts and textile merchandisers.
Recognising the investment potential of sports tourism, particularly football, Malaysia hosted the World Football Summit Asia (WFSA) in Kuala Lumpur on 29-30 April 2019. The event, first ever organised in Asia, attracted more than 2,000 professionals and influential experts of football clubs from over 50 countries. It contributes to opening
new opportunities in Asia’s football and sports tourism sector.
Going forward, international sports events of 2019 include:
- 17th Royal Langkawi International Regatta;
- Sarawak Borneo Cross Country Rally;
- Le Tour De Langkawi;
- Cycle Race;
- International Hot Air Balloon Fiesta;
- UNICEF Borneo Marathon
- Mt. Kinabalu International Climbathon;
- Football Airmarine Cup
- Penang Bridge International Marathon;
- Motor GP Racing; and
- Fit Touch World Cup.
With so many exciting events lined up for 2019, increased tourist arrivals are expected in the second quarter of the year, whereby the economy stands to gain over RM40 million in revenue through accommodation, logistics and tourist spending.
- Representative or regional office by international sports companies/organisation;
- Production facilities for sports products, accessories and merchandise;
- Sports training institutes, R&D centres and sports healthcare facilities;
- Sports technology companies involved in areas such as virtual and augmented reality, big data services as well as audio-visual technology for the football and other sports industry;
- E-sports game development companies; and
- Megastores and showrooms by international sports clubs.