The greatest advantage to manufacturers in Malaysia has been the nation's persistent drive to develop and upgrade its infrastructure. Over the years, these investments have paid off and serious bottlenecks have been avoided. Today, Malaysia can boast of having one of the most well-developed infrastructure among the newly industrialising countries of Asia.
Latest, the development of Kuala Lumpur Sentral, a futuristic self-contained city, providing the perfect live, work and play environment. A modern transportation hub integrating all major rail transport networks, including the Express Rail Link to the KLIA and Putrajaya, the government's new administrative centre.The transport facilities offered are on par with the best the world over. Read more
Network of Highways
Peninsular Malaysia's network of well-maintained highways is a boon to industries. These highways link major growth centres to seaports and airports throughout the peninsula and provide an efficient means of transportation for goods. To complement these highways, a Kuala Lumpur-Bangkok-Kuala Lumpur containerised service known as the Asean Rail Express (ARX) has been initiated with the aim of expanding it to become the Trans-Asia Rail Link that will include Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar before ending up in Kunming, China.
International trade, especially seaborne trade, has traditionally been the lifeblood of Malaysia. Today, more than 90% of the country's trade is by sea via Malaysia's seven international ports namely Penang Port, Port Klang, Johor Port, Port of Tanjung Pelepas, Kuantan Port and Kemaman Port in Peninsular Malaysia and Bintulu Port in Sarawak. All these ports are equipped with modern facilities. Bintulu Port handles liquefied natural gas.
In tandem with the expansion of the economy and trade, ports in the country registered impressive growth in recent years. Two of the ports; Port Klang and the Port of Tanjung Pelepas(PTP), are ranked among the top 20 container ports in the world. Port Klang has been made the national load centre and the transshipment centre. Whereas the Port of Tanjung Pelepas has been recognised as a regional transshipment hub.
Malaysia's central location in the Asia Pacific region makes her an ideal gateway to Asia. Air cargo facilities are well-developed in the seven international airports - the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA),Kuala Lumpur International Airport 2 (KLIA2), Penang International Airport, Langkawi International Airport and Senai International Airport in Peninsular Malaysia, Kota Kinabalu International Airport in Sabah, and Kuching International Airport in Sarawak.
Malaysia's biggest airport, the KLIA, surrounded by four main cities of Kuala Lumpur, Shah Alam, Seremban and Melaka has a capacity of handling 40 million passengers and more than 1.2 million tonnes of cargo per year. Cargo import and export procedures are fully automated at the KLIA to cut down delivery time.
Developed Industrial Parks
Industries in Malaysia are mainly located in over 500 industrial estates or parks and18 Free Industrial Zones (FIZs) developed throughout the country. New sites, fully equipped with infrastructure facilities such as roads, electricity and water supplies, and telecommunications, are continuously being developed by state governments as well as private developers to meet demand.
FIZs are export processing zones which have been developed to cater to the needs of export-oriented industries. Companies in FIZs are allowed duty free imports of raw materials, components, parts, machinery and equipment directly required in the manufacturing process. In areas where FIZs are not available, companies can set up Licensed Manufacturing Warehouses (LMWs) which are accorded facilities similar to those enjoyed by establishments in FIZs.
Specialised parks have been developed in Malaysia to cater to the needs of specific industries. Examples of these parks are the Technology Park Malaysia in Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur and the Kulim Hi-Tech Park in the northern state of Kedah which cater to technology-intensive industries and R&D activities. TPM is among the world's most advanced and comprehensive centres for R&D by knowledge based industries.
To the North is the sprawling 1,450-hectare (3,580-acre) Kulim Hi-Tech Park, the country's first, fully-integrated high technology park. Besides providing one of the best infrastructure there is for high technology manufacturing and R&D, the Park's Masterplan also emphasises on the quality of life within a self-contained township. Amenities incorporated in the plan include a shopping centre, a hospital, educational institutions and recreational facilities.
Malaysia's telecommunications network has seen impressive expansion and upgrading during the past decade following the successful privatisation of its Telecommunications Department. The latest digital and fibre optics technology is being used to provide high quality telecommunication services at competitive prices.
Under the Equal Access Regime, telephone subscribers in Malaysia can choose from five network service providers for a full range of local, domestic and international services encompassing voice and data facilities. There are also six internet service providers and five telco's and other network facilities services supporting a full range of domestic and international services.
Malaysia is linked to the rest of the world through various fibre optics and satellite consortia such as FLAG, SE-MA-WE, APCN, China-US, Japanese-US, Measat and Intelsat. To support the increasing demand for bandwidth, medium and high-end technologies such as IDSL, IP, VPN and ATM are being extensively deployed throughout the country.